A sympathetic case for Hindu Nationalism
Hindu religion and culture emerged in India, but to claim that it is the only religion of India would be to deny India its rightful distinction as a great fountain of religious and philosophical thought - Jainism, Buddhism, specific varieties of Islam, a uniquely secular devotional religion and Sikhism all arose in the land we know as India - and impose an unduly narrow narrative.
that India was always the land of two nations, Hindus and Muslims, and that the Muslims of India have now been given their separate, and rightful, homeland - Pakistan - leaving India as the land of the Hindus.
But this does not explain why over 200 million Muslims stayed in India after the partition, clinging to the land of their fathers and not falling for the allure of a 'land of the pure', a strange loyalty that will fail the theory of Hindu nationalism. Neither can Sikhs be fully accommodated into this two-nation idea - some of their most sacred places falling within the land of Muslims - nor various minorities of Central India, the North-east and of the Mountain regions. The various Bhakti movements, which opened its door to all comers, can not also be fully reconciled with this brand of Hinduism.